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The spatial distribution patterns of condensed phase post-blast explosive residues formed during detonation

Abdul-Karim, N; Blackman, CS; Gill, PP; Karu, K; (2016) The spatial distribution patterns of condensed phase post-blast explosive residues formed during detonation. Journal of Hazardous Materials , 316 pp. 204-213. 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2016.04.081. Green open access

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Abstract

The continued usage of explosive devices, as well as the ever growing threat of 'dirty' bombs necessitates a comprehensive understanding of particle dispersal during detonation events in order to develop effectual methods for targeting explosive and/or additive remediation efforts. Herein, the distribution of explosive analytes from controlled detonations of aluminised ammonium nitrate and an RDX-based explosive composition were established by systematically sampling sites positioned around each firing. This is the first experimental study to produce evidence that the post-blast residue mass can distribute according to an approximate inverse-square law model, while also demonstrating for the first time that distribution trends can vary depending on individual analytes. Furthermore, by incorporating blast-wave overpressure measurements, high-speed imaging for fireball volume recordings, and monitoring of environmental conditions, it was determined that the principle factor affecting all analyte dispersals was the wind direction, with other factors affecting specific analytes to varying degrees. The dispersal mechanism for explosive residue is primarily the smoke cloud, a finding which in itself has wider impacts on the environment and fundamental detonation theory.

Type: Article
Title: The spatial distribution patterns of condensed phase post-blast explosive residues formed during detonation
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2016.04.081
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2016.04.081
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: Explosive; Detonation; Particle; Dispersal; Residue
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Chemistry
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1498493
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