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Participation in Environmental Decision-making: Reflecting on planning and community benefits for major wind farms

Armeni, C; (2016) Participation in Environmental Decision-making: Reflecting on planning and community benefits for major wind farms. Journal of Environmental Law , 28 (3) pp. 415-441. 10.1093/jel/eqw021. Green open access

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Abstract

The notion of public participation in environmental decision-making remains ambiguous and unsettled. This article critically reflects on the conceptual nature of participation, focusing on wind energy developments. It points to an overlooked, but conceptually significant, distinction between models of engagement directed to “participation” and those aimed at “public acceptance”. By simply offering a shadow of participation, models of public acceptance are problematic and make the normative and substantive justification of the decision inevitably more fragile. Analysing two major wind projects in England and Wales and their underlying legal and policy framework, the article explores the role of mitigation measures and the under-researched potential for developer-led community benefits to provide participatory space. In the light of logic of acceptance, it suggests that the participatory orientation of mitigation measures within planning law should be acknowledged and strengthened, while the potential for community benefits to constitute alternative fora for community participation should be explored.

Type: Article
Title: Participation in Environmental Decision-making: Reflecting on planning and community benefits for major wind farms
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1093/jel/eqw021
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jel/eqw021
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Public participation, acceptance, mitigation, community benefits, planning, wind energy
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of Laws
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1496928
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