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Reducing CO2 emissions from residential energy use

Drummond, P; Ekins, P; (2016) Reducing CO2 emissions from residential energy use. Building Research & Information , 44 (5-6) pp. 585-603. 10.1080/09613218.2016.1180075. Green open access

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Abstract

To achieve European Union (EU) greenhouse gas emissions of 80–95% below 1990 levels by 2050, CO2 emissions from residential energy consumption must be substantially reduced. Recognition of this has led to the introduction of a range of policy instruments at both EU and member state level. These policies are examined for the EU and the UK, first by grouping them into three ‘pillars of policy’ – standards and engagement, markets and pricing, and strategic investment (each of which focus on different ‘domains of change’ embodying different economic processes) – and then by assessing the strengths and weaknesses of each pillar in terms of instrument coverage and effectiveness. Strengths and weaknesses common to both UK and EU policy landscapes are found, including a comprehensive but broadly ineffective standards and engagement pillar of policy, and an ineffective markets and pricing landscape (including effective subsidization of energy consumption in the UK, permitted by the EU), with poor coverage. The strategic investment landscape is found (until recently) to be substantially stronger in the UK compared with EU instruments and requirements. Priority reform actions are also proposed to address the weaknesses identified. The paper also offers discussion of recent policy developments in the UK.

Type: Article
Title: Reducing CO2 emissions from residential energy use
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1080/09613218.2016.1180075
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09613218.2016.1180075
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Building Research & Information on 11 May 2016, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/09613218.2016.1180075
Keywords: buildings, climate policy, energy efficiency, energy policy, policy formation, policy measures, regulations
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > Bartlett School Env, Energy and Resources
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1496896
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