UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

How solid is our knowledge of solid walls? - Comparing energy savings through three different methods

Oreszczyn, T; Chambers, J; Gori, V; Biddulph, P; Hamilton, I; Elwell, C; (2015) How solid is our knowledge of solid walls? - Comparing energy savings through three different methods. In: Scartezzini, J, (ed.) Proceedings of CISBAT 2015 International Conference "Future Buildings and Districts - Sustainability from Nano to Urban Scale" - Volume 1. (pp. pp. 107-112). EPFL Solar Energy and Building Physics Laboratory: Lausanne, Switzerland. Green open access

[img]
Preview
Text
2_CHAMBERS CISBAT Conference Sept15.pdf - Published version

Download (606kB) | Preview

Abstract

Recent UK-based studies have shown a performance gap between the energy performance of buildings calculated using tabulated thermophysical properties of solid walls and that estimated from in-situ measurements. Solid-walled buildings have been targeted by UK Government policies and incentive schemes to meet climate change mitigation targets and improve the efficiency of the building stock, as they are less efficient and more expensive to treat than cavity walls. Since it is common practice to estimate energy use and potential savings for buildings retrofit assuming standard values from the literature, the performance gap may have serious implications on the decision-making and the cost-effectiveness of energy-saving interventions. The aim of this paper is to compare and contrast the results obtained from three different methods for estimating normalised dwelling energy demand: a) the UK energy performance certificate (EPC) method, which uses the standard assessment procedure (SAP) with tabulated inputs (the business as usual case); b) the SAP calculated using empirical air change rates from pressure tests and U-values estimated analysing monitored data with a Bayesian-based dynamic method developed by the authors; c) a normalised annual consumption (NAC) method based on empirical energy consumption data from smart meter and weather data. The analysis is performed on a sample of dwellings from the Energy Saving Trust “Solid Wall Field Trials” dataset. Results show that EPC estimates are systematically higher (between 7.5% and 22.0%) than SAP. Conversely, the NAC displayed a large range of relative differences (between -77% and +99%) compared to the EPC. This raises questions about the relative merits and purpose of the EPC and SAP bottom up methods compared to the smart-meter data-driven NAC method. Further research is suggested using SAP 2009 to isolate the thermal component of energy demand and compare it directly with the NAC component.

Type: Proceedings paper
Title: How solid is our knowledge of solid walls? - Comparing energy savings through three different methods
Event: International Conference on Future Buildings and Districts - Sustainability from Nano to Urban Scale
Location: Lausanne, Switzerland
Dates: 09 September 2015 - 11 September 2015
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Publisher version: https://infoscience.epfl.ch/record/212778
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the version of record. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: SAP, in-situ, U-values, smart meters, heat losses, big data, Bayesian statistics.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > Bartlett School Env, Energy and Resources
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1496025
Downloads since deposit
43Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item