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Mentalization-based treatment in clinical high risk for psychosis: A rationale and clinical illustration

Debbane, M; Benmiloud, J; Salaminios, G; Solida-Tozzi, A; Armando, M; Fonagy, P; Bateman, A; (2016) Mentalization-based treatment in clinical high risk for psychosis: A rationale and clinical illustration. Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy , 46 (4) pp. 217-225. 10.1007/s10879-016-9337-4. Green open access

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Abstract

Developmental clinical research in recent years has highlighted the value treating psychotic disorders at the earliest stage to reduce long-term morbidity. It is now suggested that treatment during the clinical high risk states (CHR), preceding by 1 to 4 years the onset of psychotic disorders, may delay or prevent the onset of psychosis, and contribute to a more positive prognosis. In this article, we wish to provide a rationale and clinical illustration of mentalization-based treatment (MBT) as an indicated preventive treatment for CHR. We will first review the notion of high-risk for psychosis, providing a trans-theoretical developmental framework for conceptualizing the clinical progression from sub-clinical towards clinical psychotic states. Second, we address the commonalities and differences between the constructs of mentalization and metacognition, and discuss their relevance in preventive psychotherapeutic treatment for CHR. Thirdly, we provide a clinical illustration of MBT to emerging psychosis. Finally, we conclude by discussing the specific contributions of MBT approach in youths at CHR, and the necessary research for evaluating its relevance in the context of risk for developing psychosis.

Type: Article
Title: Mentalization-based treatment in clinical high risk for psychosis: A rationale and clinical illustration
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s10879-016-9337-4
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10879-016-9337-4
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016. The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10879-016-9337-4
Keywords: Mentalizing; Schizophrenia; Schizotypy; Psychodynamic; Prevention
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Clinical, Edu and Hlth Psychology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1495970
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