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Audience effects on the neural correlates of relational reasoning in adolescence

Dumontheil, I; Wolf, LK; Blakemore, SJ; (2016) Audience effects on the neural correlates of relational reasoning in adolescence. Neuropsychologia , 87 pp. 85-95. 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2016.05.001. Green open access

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Abstract

Adolescents are particularly sensitive to peer influence. This may partly be due to an increased salience of peers during adolescence. We investigated the effect of being observed by a peer on a cognitively challenging task, relational reasoning, which requires the evaluation and integration of multiple mental representations. Relational reasoning tasks engage a fronto-parietal network including the inferior parietal cortex, pre-supplementary motor area, dorsolateral and rostrolateral prefrontal cortices. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), peer audience effects on activation in this fronto-parietal network were compared in a group of 19 female mid-adolescents (aged 14–16 years) and 14 female adults (aged 23–28 years). Adolescent and adult relational reasoning accuracy was influenced by a peer audience as a function of task difficulty: the presence of a peer audience led to decreased accuracy in the complex, relational integration condition in both groups of participants. The fMRI results demonstrated that a peer audience differentially modulated activation in regions of the fronto-parietal network in adolescents and adults. Activation was increased in adolescents in the presence of a peer audience, while this was not the case in adults.

Type: Article
Title: Audience effects on the neural correlates of relational reasoning in adolescence
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2016.05.001
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2016....
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2016 The Authors. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: Science & Technology, Social Sciences, Life Sciences & Biomedicine, Behavioral Sciences, Neurosciences, Psychology, Experimental, Neurosciences & Neurology, Psychology, Adolescence, Peer influence, FMRI, Audience effect, Reasoning, ROSTROLATERAL PREFRONTAL CORTEX, SOCIAL FACILITATION, EMOTIONAL DISTRACTION, IMMEDIATE REWARDS, PEER INFLUENCE, PERFORMANCE, CHILDHOOD, TASK, INTERFERENCE, NEUROSCIENCE
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1494317
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