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Implementing context information management in forensic casework: minimizing contextual bias in firearms examination

Mattijssen, EJ; Kerkhoff, W; Berger, CE; Dror, IE; Stoel, RD; (2016) Implementing context information management in forensic casework: minimizing contextual bias in firearms examination. Science & Justice , 56 (2) pp. 113-122. 10.1016/j.scijus.2015.11.004.

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Abstract

Managing context information in forensic casework aims to minimize task-irrelevant information while maximizing the task-relevant information that reaches the examiner. A design and implementation of context information management (CIM) is described for forensic firearms examination. Guided by a taxonomy of different sources of context information, a flow-chart was constructed that specifies the process of casework examination and context information management. Due to the risk of bias, another examiner may need to be involved when context information management is unsuccessful. Application of context information management does not make a subjective examination objective, but can limit the risks of bias with a minimal investment of time and resources.

Type: Article
Title: Implementing context information management in forensic casework: minimizing contextual bias in firearms examination
Location: England
DOI: 10.1016/j.scijus.2015.11.004
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scijus.2015.11.004
Language: English
Additional information: © 2015 The Chartered Society of Forensic Sciences. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/); the published version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scijus.2015.11.004
Keywords: Context information management, Contextual bias, Task-irrelevant case information, Subjective judgment, Quality assurance, Cognitive forensics
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Security and Crime Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1493098
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