UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Planktic foraminifera shell chemistry response to seawater chemistry: Pliocene-Pleistocene seawater Mg/Ca, temperature and sea level change

Evans, D; Brierley, C; Raymo, ME; Erez, J; Mueller, W; (2016) Planktic foraminifera shell chemistry response to seawater chemistry: Pliocene-Pleistocene seawater Mg/Ca, temperature and sea level change. Earth And Planetary Science Letters , 438 pp. 139-148. 10.1016/j.epsl.2016.01.013. Green open access

[thumbnail of Evans_EPSL-D-15-00428R2.pdf]
Preview
Text
Evans_EPSL-D-15-00428R2.pdf - Accepted Version

Download (1MB) | Preview

Abstract

Foraminifera Mg/Ca paleothermometry forms the basis of a substantial portion of ocean temperature reconstruction over the last 5 Ma. Furthermore, coupled Mg/Ca–oxygen isotope (δ18O) measurements of benthic foraminifera can constrain eustatic sea level (ESL) independent of paleo-shoreline derived approaches. However, this technique suffers from uncertainty regarding the secular variation of the Mg/Ca seawater ratio (Mg/Casw) on timescales of millions of years. Here we present coupled seawater–test Mg/Ca–temperature laboratory calibrations of Globigerinoides ruber in order to test the widely held assumptions that (1) seawater–test Mg/Ca co-vary linearly, and (2) the Mg/Ca–temperature sensitivity remains constant with changing Mg/Casw. We find a nonlinear Mg/Catest–Mg/Casw relationship and a lowering of the Mg/Ca–temperature sensitivity at lower than modern Mg/Casw from 9.0% ◦C−1 at Mg/Casw = 5.2 mol mol−1 to 7.5 ± 0.9%◦C−1 at 3.4 mol mol−1. Using our calibrations to more accurately calculate the offset between Mg/Ca and biomarker-derived paleotemperatures for four sites, we derive a Pliocene Mg/Casw ratio of ∼4.3 mol mol−1. This Mg/Casw implies Pliocene ocean temperature 0.9–1.9 ◦C higher than previously reported and, by extension, ESL ∼30 m lower compared to when one assumes that Pliocene Mg/Casw is the same as at present. Correcting existing benthic foraminifera datasets for Mg/Casw indicates that deep water source composition must have changed through time, therefore seawater oxygen isotope reconstructions relative to present day cannot be used to directly reconstruct Pliocene ESL.

Type: Article
Title: Planktic foraminifera shell chemistry response to seawater chemistry: Pliocene-Pleistocene seawater Mg/Ca, temperature and sea level change
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.epsl.2016.01.013
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2016.01.013
Language: English
Additional information: Crown Copyright © 2016 Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
Keywords: foraminifera, Mg/Ca, calibration, seawater chemistry, Pliocene, sea level
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Dept of Geography
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1493081
Downloads since deposit
345Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item