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Housing as a modifier of air contaminant and temperature exposure in Great Britain: A modelling framework

Taylor, J; Mavrogianni, A; Davies, M; Wilkinson,, P; Shrubsole, C; Hamilton, I; Oikonomou, E; (2016) Housing as a modifier of air contaminant and temperature exposure in Great Britain: A modelling framework. In: Proceedings of the 14th International Conference of Indoor Air Quality and Climate. International Society of Indoor Air Quality and Climate - ISIAQ: Ghent, Belgium. Green open access

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Abstract

This paper presents the development of a modelling framework that quantifies the modifying effect of dwelling characteristics on exposure to indoor air pollution and excess temperature. A georeferenced domestic building stock model of Great Britain was created using national housing surveys, historical weather, and local terrain data. Dynamic building performance simulation was applied to estimate indoor air pollution and overheating risk metrics at the individual building level. These metrics were then aggregated at various geographic units and mapped across Britain within a Geographic Information System (GIS) environment to compare spatial trends. Results indicate that flats and newly built properties are characterised by lower indoor air pollution from outdoor sources, but higher air pollution from indoor sources. Flats, bungalows and newly built, more airtight dwellings are found to be more prone to overheating. Consequently, urban populations may experience higher levels of pollution from indoor sources and overheating resulting from the higher prevalence of flats in cities.

Type: Proceedings paper
Title: Housing as a modifier of air contaminant and temperature exposure in Great Britain: A modelling framework
Event: Indoor Air 2016
Location: Ghent, Belgium
Dates: 03 July 2016 - 08 July 2016
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Publisher version: http://www.indoorair2016.org/
Language: English
Keywords: housing, indoor air quality, overheating, health, Geographic Information Systems
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > Bartlett School Env, Energy and Resources
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1492991
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