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Polarization-insensitive single-balanced photodiode coherent receiver for long-reach WDM-PONs

Erkilinç, MS; Lavery, D; Shi, K; Thomsen, BC; Bayvel, P; Killey, RI; Savory, SJ; (2016) Polarization-insensitive single-balanced photodiode coherent receiver for long-reach WDM-PONs. Journal of Lightwave Technology , 34 (8) pp. 2034-2041. 10.1109/JLT.2015.2507869. Green open access

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Abstract

In an access network based on a passive optical network architecture, coherent detection is attractive since it allows for high receiver sensitivity coupled with inherent frequency selectivity. Nevertheless, solutions employed in core networks are prohibitively complex and costly, requiring the optical complexity of the coherent receivers to be reduced to make them feasible for access networks. For monolithic integration, a key challenge is posed by the polarization beam splitter (PBS). If, however, the PBS is removed, the receiver needs to be redesigned to be insensitive to the incoming polarization state of the received signal. In this paper, we experimentally demonstrate a polarization-insensitive (i.e., polarization-independent) coherent receiver for the optical network unit in passive optical networks (PONs). The receiver consists of only a 3-dB coupler and a single-balanced photodiode such that the complexity is comparable to a direct detection receiver. The proposed cost-effective coherent receiver is implemented by using the Alamouti polarization-time block coding scheme combined with heterodyne detection. To verify the technique, the Alamouti-coded orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) signal is rotated over the full Poincaré sphere. Compared to the dual-polarization-OFDM signal operating at a net bit rate of 10 Gb/s per polarization (a gross bit rate of 10.7 Gb/s including a 7% FEC overhead), only a 0.6 dB sensitivity degradation is observed. The sensitivity at the FEC threshold, assumed to be 4 × 10-3, is measured to be -41.5 dBm (56 photons-per-bit) on a 25-GHz grid. Following this, different channel spacings are investigated and the signal is transmitted over 80 km of standard single-mode fiber in a long-reach wavelength division multiplexed PON system. The loss budgets are found to be 43.0 and 42.8 dB for 50- and 25-GHz grids, respectively.

Type: Article
Title: Polarization-insensitive single-balanced photodiode coherent receiver for long-reach WDM-PONs
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1109/JLT.2015.2507869
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/JLT.2015.2507869
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2015 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.
Keywords: Alamouti, Optical access, coherent detection, optical access, passive optical network (PON), polarization, polarization-time block code (PTBC), wavelength division multiplexing (WDM)
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Electronic and Electrical Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1489955
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