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Children who Stutter Exchange Linguistic Accuracy for Processing Speed in Sentence Comprehension

Fortunato-Tavares, T; Howell, P; Schwartz, RG; Andrade, C; (2017) Children who Stutter Exchange Linguistic Accuracy for Processing Speed in Sentence Comprehension. Applied Psycholinguistics , 38 (2) pp. 263-287. 10.1017/S0142716416000187. Green open access

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Abstract

Comprehension of predicates and reflexives was examined in children who stutter (CWS) and children who do not stutter (CWNS) who were between 7;9 and 10;2 years. Demands on working memory and manual reaction time were also assessed in two experiments that employed a four-choice picture-selection sentence comprehension task. CWS were less accurate than CWNS on the attachment of predicates. For reflexives, there was no between-group difference in accuracy, but there was a difference in speed. The two constructions induced processing at different points on a speed-accuracy continuum with CWS sacrificing accuracy to respond fast with predicates, whilst they maintained accuracy of reflexives by responding slower relative to CWNS. Predicates made more demands on language than non-speech motor reaction timewhereas the reverse was the case with reflexives for CWS compared to CWNS.

Type: Article
Title: Children who Stutter Exchange Linguistic Accuracy for Processing Speed in Sentence Comprehension
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1017/S0142716416000187
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0142716416000187
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2016. This article has been published in a revised form in Applied Psycholinguistics at http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0142716416000187. This version is free to view and download for private research and study only. Not for re-distribution, re-sale or use in derivative works.
Keywords: Children, stuttering, syntax, working memory, processing speed
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Experimental Psychology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1489748
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