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Parenting style in childhood and mortality risk at older ages: a longitudinal cohort study

Demakakos, P; Pillas, D; Marmot, M; Steptoe, A; (2016) Parenting style in childhood and mortality risk at older ages: a longitudinal cohort study. The British Journal of Psychiatry , 209 (2) pp. 135-141. 10.1192/bjp.bp.115.163543. Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Parenting style is associated with offspring health, but whether it is associated with offspring mortality at older ages remains unknown. AIMS: We examined whether childhood experiences of suboptimal parenting style are associated with increased risk of death at older ages. METHOD: Longitudinal cohort study of 1964 community-dwelling adults aged 65-79 years. RESULTS: The association between parenting style and mortality was inverse and graded. Participants in the poorest parenting style score quartile had increased risk of death (hazard ratio (HR) = 1.72, 95% CI 1.20-2.48) compared with those in the optimal parenting style score quartile after adjustment for age and gender. Full adjustment for covariates partially explained this association (HR = 1.49, 95% CI 1.02-2.18). Parenting style was inversely associated with cancer and other mortality, but not cardiovascular mortality. Maternal and paternal parenting styles were individually associated with mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Experiences of suboptimal parenting in childhood are associated with increased risk of death at older ages.

Type: Article
Title: Parenting style in childhood and mortality risk at older ages: a longitudinal cohort study
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1192/bjp.bp.115.163543
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1192/bjp.bp.115.163543
Language: English
Additional information: © The Royal College of Psychiatrists 2016. This is an author-produced electronic version of an article accepted for publication in the British Journal of Psychiatry. The definitive publisher-authenticated version is available online at http://bjp.rcpsych.org.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Behavioural Science and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Epidemiology and Public Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1485276
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