UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Early in-session predictors of response to trauma-focused cognitive therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder

Brady, F; Warnock-Parkes, E; Barker, C; Ehlers, A; (2015) Early in-session predictors of response to trauma-focused cognitive therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder. Behaviour Research and Therapy , 75 pp. 40-47. 10.1016/j.brat2015.10.001. Green open access

[img]
Preview
Text
Barker_1-s2.0-S0005796715300413-main.pdf - Published version

Download (326kB) | Preview

Abstract

Trauma-focused cognitive behaviour therapy is effective in treating posttraumatic stress disorder but non-response rates range between 25% and 50%. Results of previous research on patient characteristics predicting outcome are inconsistent and mainly focused on demographic and diagnostic variables. This study examined whether behavioural predictors of poor treatment response can be observed in early sessions. It was predicted that greater patient perseveration, lower expression of thoughts and feelings and weaker therapeutic alliance would be associated with poorer outcomes. We also explored the relationships of patient behaviours with therapeutic alliance and the efficiency and competence of treatment delivery. Audio or video recordings of the initial treatment sessions of 58 patients who had shown either good (n = 34) or poor response (n = 24) to cognitive therapy for PTSD (CT-PTSD, Ehlers & Clark, 2000) were blindly coded for patient perseveration, expression of thoughts and feelings, therapeutic alliance, efficiency and competency of treatment delivery and therapist competence. Poor responders showed more perseveration and less expression of thoughts and feelings in the initial session. Patient perseveration and low expression of thoughts and feelings were associated with poorer therapeutic alliance and compromised treatment delivery. Patients with these behavioural characteristics may benefit from additional treatment strategies. Limitations of the study and implications for clinical practice are discussed.

Type: Article
Title: Early in-session predictors of response to trauma-focused cognitive therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.brat2015.10.001
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2015.10.001
Language: English
Additional information: © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: Social Sciences, Psychology, Clinical, Psychology, Posttraumatic stress disorder, Cognitive therapy, Treatment outcome, Therapeutic alliance, Perseveration Introspection, RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIAL, PSYCHOLOGICAL MINDEDNESS, BEHAVIORAL THERAPY, PROLONGED EXPOSURE, REPETITIVE THOUGHT, SYMPTOM CHANGE, DEPRESSION, RUMINATION, PTSD, ALEXITHYMIA
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Clinical, Edu and Hlth Psychology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1483411
Downloads since deposit
31Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item