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The measurement invariance of schizotypy in Europe

Fonseca-Pedrero, E; Ortuño-Sierra, J; Sierro, G; Daniel, C; Cella, M; Preti, A; Mohr, C; (2015) The measurement invariance of schizotypy in Europe. European Psychiatry , 30 (7) pp. 837-844. 10.1016/j.eurpsy.2015.07.005. Green open access

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Abstract

The short version of the Oxford-Liverpool Inventory of Feelings and Experiences (sO-LIFE) is a widely used measure assessing schizotypy. There is limited information, however, on how sO-LIFE scores compare across different countries. The main goal of the present study is to test the measurement invariance of the sO-LIFE scores in a large sample of non-clinical adolescents and young adults from four European countries (UK, Switzerland, Italy, and Spain). The scores were obtained from validated versions of the sO-LIFE in their respective languages. The sample comprised 4190 participants (M=20.87 years; SD=3.71 years). The study of the internal structure, using confirmatory factor analysis, revealed that both three (i.e., positive schizotypy, cognitive disorganisation, and introvertive anhedonia) and four-factor (i.e., positive schizotypy, cognitive disorganisation, introvertive anhedonia, and impulsive nonconformity) models fitted the data moderately well. Multi-group confirmatory factor analysis showed that the three-factor model had partial strong measurement invariance across countries. Eight items were non-invariant across samples. Significant statistical differences in the mean scores of the s-OLIFE were found by country. Reliability scores, estimated with Ordinal alpha ranged from 0.75 to 0.87. Using the Item Response Theory framework, the sO-LIFE provides more accuracy information at the medium and high end of the latent trait. The current results show further evidence in support of the psychometric proprieties of the sO-LIFE, provide new information about the cross-cultural equivalence of schizotypy and support the use of this measure to screen for psychotic-like features and liability to psychosis in general population samples from different European countries.

Type: Article
Title: The measurement invariance of schizotypy in Europe
Location: France
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.eurpsy.2015.07.005
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eurpsy.2015.07.005
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2015. This manuscript version is published under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial Non-derivative 4.0 International licence (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). This licence allows you to share, copy, distribute and transmit the work for personal and non-commercial use providing author and publisher attribution is clearly stated. Further details about CC BY licences are available at http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0. Access may be initially restricted by the publisher.
Keywords: Cross-cultural, Equivalence, Invariance, Schizotypal, Schizotypy, sO-LIFE, Adolescent, Adult, Europe, Factor Analysis, Statistical, Female, Humans, Italy, Male, Personality Inventory, Phenotype, Psychometrics, Psychotic Disorders, Reproducibility of Results, Schizotypal Personality Disorder, Spain, Surveys and Questionnaires, Switzerland, Young Adult
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1482941
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