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Midlife blood pressure predicts future diastolic dysfunction independently of blood pressure

Ghosh, AK; Hughes, AD; Francis, D; Chaturvedi, N; Pellerin, D; Deanfield, J; Kuh, D; ... MRC NSHD Scientific and Data Collection Team, ; + view all (2016) Midlife blood pressure predicts future diastolic dysfunction independently of blood pressure. Heart , 102 (17) pp. 1380-1387. 10.1136/heartjnl-2015-308836. Green open access

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: High blood pressure (BP) is associated with diastolic dysfunction, but the consequence of elevated BP over the adult life course on diastolic function is unknown. We hypothesised that high BP in earlier adulthood would be associated with impaired diastolic function independent of current BP. METHODS: Participants in the Medical Research Council National Survey of Health and Development birth cohort (n=1653) underwent investigations including echocardiography at age 60-64 years. The relationships between adult BP, antihypertensive treatment (HTT) and echocardiographic measures of diastolic function were assessed using adjusted regression models. RESULTS: Increased systolic BP (SBP) at ages 36, 43 and 53 years was predictive of increased E/e' and increased left atrial volume. These effects were only partially explained by SBP at 60-64 years and increased left ventricular mass. HTT was also associated with poorer diastolic function after adjustment for SBP at 60-64 years. Faster rates of increase in SBP in midlife were also associated with increased poorer diastolic function. CONCLUSIONS: High SBP in midlife is associated with poorer diastolic function at age 60-64 years. Early identification of individuals with high BP or rapid rises in BP may be important for prevention of impaired cardiac function in later life.

Type: Article
Title: Midlife blood pressure predicts future diastolic dysfunction independently of blood pressure
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1136/heartjnl-2015-308836
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/heartjnl-2015-308836
Language: English
Additional information: This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt and build upon this work, for commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Social Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Clinical Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1482437
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