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Ultrasound and endocrinological markers of first trimester placentation and subsequent fetal size

David, AL; Jauniaux, E; (2016) Ultrasound and endocrinological markers of first trimester placentation and subsequent fetal size. Placenta , 40 pp. 29-33. 10.1016/j.placenta.2016.02.005. Green open access

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: To study the relationship between 2-dimensional placental ultrasound measurements and maternal serum (MS) levels of biomarkers of placentation and in pregnancies presenting with an isolated abnormally high or low birthweight at term, without evidence of placental insufficiency. METHOD: We performed a population based cohort study of 306 pregnancies delivered at term including 30 presenting with large-for-gestational age (LGA, birthweight > 90th centile) and 17 small-for-gestational age (SGA; birthweight < 10th centile). Antenatal measurements included placental thickness and 2D-volume and MS levels of pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A) and free-beta human chorionic gonadotrophin (fβhCG) at 11-13(+6) weeks of gestation and mid-trimester MS α-fetoprotein (AFP), unconjugated estriol (uE3) and inhibin A levels. RESULTS: In the subgroup with a normal birthweight (10th-90th centile), there was a significant positive correlation between birthweight and the basal plate surface area (p < 0.001) and 2D placental volume (p < 0.01). In the LGA subgroup, MS PAPP-A was significantly (p < 0.05) higher than in normal controls and there was a significant (p < 0.01) positive correlation with birthweight. There was no significant difference for any of the ultrasound and biomarkers parameters between SGA and the normally grown controls. DISCUSSION: In uncomplicated singleton pregnancies with a normal birthweight, 2D measurements of placentation are related with fetal size but are not related to subsequent excessive or slow fetal growth. LGA at birth is associated with increased MS PAPP-A at 11-14 weeks of gestation supporting the association between PAPP-A synthesis and early placental growth and development.

Type: Article
Title: Ultrasound and endocrinological markers of first trimester placentation and subsequent fetal size
Location: Netherlands
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.placenta.2016.02.005
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.placenta.2016.02.005
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/. The final version of record is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.placenta.2016.02.005
Keywords: Birth weight, Large for gestational age, Placental hormones, Placental volume, Small for gestational age
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL EGA Institute for Womens Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL EGA Institute for Womens Health > Maternal and Fetal Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL EGA Institute for Womens Health > Reproductive Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1481618
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