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The far-infrared/radio correlation and radio spectral index of galaxies in the SFR-M∗ plane up to z~2*

Magnelli, B; Ivison, RJ; Lutz, D; Valtchanov, I; Farrah, D; Berta, S; Bertoldi, F; ... Wuyts, S; + view all (2015) The far-infrared/radio correlation and radio spectral index of galaxies in the SFR-M∗ plane up to z~2*. Astronomy and Astrophysics , 573 , Article A45. 10.1051/0004-6361/201424937. Green open access

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Abstract

We study the evolution of the radio spectral index and far-infrared/radio correlation (FRC) across the star-formation rate - stellar masse (i.e. SFR-M∗) plane up to z ~ 2. We start from a stellar-mass-selected sample of galaxies with reliable SFR and redshift estimates. We then grid the SFR-M∗ plane in several redshift ranges and measure the infrared luminosity, radio luminosity, radio spectral index, and ultimately the FRC index (i.e. qFIR) of each SFR-M∗-z bin. The infrared luminosities of our SFR-M∗-z bins are estimated using their stacked far-infrared flux densities inferred from observations obtained with the Herschel Space Observatory. Their radio luminosities and radio spectral indices (i.e. α, where Sν ∝ ν-α) are estimated using their stacked 1.4 GHz and 610 MHz flux densities from the Very Large Array and Giant Metre-wave Radio Telescope, respectively. Our far-infrared and radio observations include the most widely studied blank extragalactic fields - GOODS-N, GOODS-S, ECDFS, and COSMOS - covering a total sky area of ~2.0 deg2. Using this methodology, we constrain the radio spectral index and FRC index of star-forming galaxies with M∗ > 1010 M⊙ and 0 <z< 2.3. We find that α1.4 GHz 610 MHz does not evolve significantly with redshift or with the distance of a galaxy with respect to the main sequence (MS) of the SFR-M∗ plane (i.e. Δlog(SSFR)MS = log[SSFR(galaxy)/SSFRMS(M∗,z)]). Instead, star-forming galaxies have a radio spectral index consistent with a canonical value of 0.8, which suggests that their radio spectra are dominated by non-thermal optically thin synchrotron emission. We find that the FRC index, qFIR, displays a moderate but statistically significant redshift evolution as qFIR(z) = (2.35 ± 0.08) × (1 + z)-0.12 ± 0.04, consistent with some previous literature. Finally, we find no significant correlation between qFIR and Δlog(SSFR)MS, though a weak positive trend, as observed in one of our redshift bins (i.e. Δ [qFIR]/Δ [Δlog(SSFR)MS] = 0.22 ± 0.07 at 0.5 <z< 0.8), cannot be firmly ruled out using our dataset.

Type: Article
Title: The far-infrared/radio correlation and radio spectral index of galaxies in the SFR-M∗ plane up to z~2*
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201424937
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201424937
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © ESO, 2014.
Keywords: galaxies: evolution / galaxies: formation / galaxies: starburst / galaxies: high-redshift / infrared: galaxies
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Space and Climate Physics
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1481435
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