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Early Nonparental Care and Social Behavior in Elementary School: Support for a Social Group Adaptation Hypothesis

Pingault, J-B; Tremblay, RE; Vitaro, F; Japel, C; Boivin, M; Cote, SM; (2015) Early Nonparental Care and Social Behavior in Elementary School: Support for a Social Group Adaptation Hypothesis. Child Development , 86 (5) pp. 1469-1488. 10.1111/cdev.12399. Green open access

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Abstract

This study examined the contribution of nonparental child-care services received during the preschool years to the development of social behavior between kindergarten and the end of elementary school with a birth cohort from Québec, Canada (N = 1,544). Mothers reported on the use of child-care services, while elementary school teachers rated children's shyness, social withdrawal, prosociality, opposition, and aggression. Children who received nonparental child-care services were less shy, less socially withdrawn, more oppositional, and more aggressive at school entry (age 6 years). However, these differences disappeared during elementary school as children who received exclusive parental care caught up with those who received nonparental care services. This “catch-up” effect from the perspective of children's adaptation to the social group is discussed.

Type: Article
Title: Early Nonparental Care and Social Behavior in Elementary School: Support for a Social Group Adaptation Hypothesis
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1111/cdev.12399
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdev.12399
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Early Child-care, Physical Aggression, Emotional-problems, Nonmaternal Care, Causal Inference, R Package, Attachment, Prevention, Withdrawal, Disorders
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Clinical, Edu and Hlth Psychology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1480823
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