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Towards Zero-Waste Furniture Design

Koo, B; Hergel, J; Lefebvre, S; Mitra, NJ; (2017) Towards Zero-Waste Furniture Design. IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics , 23 (12) pp. 2627-2640. 10.1109/TVCG.2016.2633519. Green open access

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Abstract

In traditional design, shapes are first conceived, and then fabricated. While this decoupling simplifies the design process, it can result in inefficient material usage, especially where off-cut pieces are hard to reuse. The designer, in absence of explicit feedback on material usage remains helpless to effectively adapt the design -- even though design variabilities exist. In this paper, we investigate {\em waste minimizing furniture design} wherein based on the current design, the user is presented with design variations that result in more effective usage of materials. Technically, we dynamically analyze material space layout to determine {\em which} parts to change and {\em how}, while maintaining original design intent specified in the form of design constraints. We evaluate the approach on simple and complex furniture design scenarios, and demonstrate effective material usage that is difficult, if not impossible, to achieve without computational support.

Type: Article
Title: Towards Zero-Waste Furniture Design
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1109/TVCG.2016.2633519
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TVCG.2016.2633519
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: computational design, fabrication, material usage, guided design
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Computer Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Med Phys and Biomedical Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1479528
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