UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Paranoid Ideation and Violence: Meta-analysis of Individual Subject Data of 7 Population Surveys.

Coid, JW; Ullrich, S; Bebbington, P; Fazel, S; Keers, R; (2016) Paranoid Ideation and Violence: Meta-analysis of Individual Subject Data of 7 Population Surveys. Schizophrenia Bulletin , 42 (4) pp. 907-915. 10.1093/schbul/sbw006. Green open access

[thumbnail of Coid violence Schizophr Bull-2016.pdf]
Preview
Text
Coid violence Schizophr Bull-2016.pdf - Published Version

Download (622kB) | Preview

Abstract

There is controversy whether associations between psychosis and violence are due to coexisting substance misuse and factors increasing risk in nonpsychotic persons. Recent studies in clinical samples have implicated independent effects of paranoid delusions. Research findings suggest that individual psychotic-like-experiences on the psychosis continuum in the general population are associated with violence; it remains unclear whether this association is due to psychiatric comorbidity. We pooled data from 7 UK general population surveys (n = 23 444) and conducted a meta-analysis of individual subject data. Further meta-analyses were performed to identify heterogeneity. Main exposure variables: 5 psychotic-like-experiences and a categorical measure of psychosis. Comorbidity was established through standardized self-report instruments. Information was collected on violence, severity, victims. Paranoid ideation was associated with violence (AOR 2.26, 95% CI 1.75-2.91), severity and frequency, even when controlling for effects of other psychotic-like-experiences. Associations were not explained by comorbid conditions, including substance dependence. Psychotic disorder was associated with violence and injury to the perpetrator but associations were explained by paranoid ideation. Individual associations between hypomania, thought insertion, hallucinations, and violence were nonsignificant after adjustments, and significantly associated only when comorbid with antisocial personality disorder. Strange experiences were only associated with intimate partner violence. Paranoid ideation on a psychosis-continuum in the general population was associated with violence. All other associations were explained by comorbidity. Further investigation should determine whether paranoid ideation among persons in the community require preventive interventions, similar to those presenting to mental health services. Nevertheless, risks are considerably increased for psychotic-like-experiences with co-occurring antisocial personality disorder.

Type: Article
Title: Paranoid Ideation and Violence: Meta-analysis of Individual Subject Data of 7 Population Surveys.
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1093/schbul/sbw006
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/schbul/sbw006
Language: English
Additional information: © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Maryland Psychiatric Research Center. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/), which permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: Psychiatric comorbidity, psychotic-like-experiences, severity and victims of violence
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > IoN RLW Inst of Neurological Sci
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1478392
Downloads since deposit
129Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item