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Astronomy

Gregory, A; (2016) Astronomy. In: A Companion to Science, Technology, and Medicine in Ancient Greece and Rome. (pp. 96-114). John Wiley & Sons Green open access

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Abstract

The history of ancient Greek and Roman astronomy can traditionally be divided into three broad periods, Presocratic speculation, the homocentric spheres model of Eudoxus and the epicyclic model of Ptolemy. This in itself makes a decision on how to approach Greek and Roman astronomy, prioritizing the development of models of the heavens, Alternatively, one might focus on observation, practices or the practical application of astronomy. Here we concentrate on models but not to the exclusion of other approaches. We also challenge the idea that Presocratic astronomy was largely speculative. To treat astronomy on its own is also to some extent to impose a modern disciplinary boundary on ancient work which did not recognize a sharp boundary with cosmology, or in some cases with astrology.

Type: Book chapter
Title: Astronomy
ISBN: 1118372670
ISBN-13: 9781118372678
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1002/9781118373057.ch6
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118373057.ch6
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the version of record. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher's terms and conditions.
Keywords: astrology; astronomy; cosmology; cosmos; epicycle; geocentrism
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Science and Technology Studies
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1478227
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