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A cross-sectional study on ‘Attitudes to and Understanding of Risk of Acquisition of HIV’ (AURAH): Design, methods and participant characteristics

Sewell, J; Speakman, A; Phillips, A; Lampe, F; Miltz, A; Gilson, R; O'Connell, R; ... Elford, J; + view all (2016) A cross-sectional study on ‘Attitudes to and Understanding of Risk of Acquisition of HIV’ (AURAH): Design, methods and participant characteristics. JMIR Research Protocols , 5 (2) , Article e58. 10.2196/resprot.4873. Green open access

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Abstract

Background: The annual number of new HIV infections in the UK among men who have sex with men (MSM) has risen and among heterosexuals remains high. Increasing HIV transmission among men who have sex with men is consistent with evidence of ongoing sexual risk behaviour in this group and targeted prevention strategies for those at risk of acquiring HIV are needed. / Methods/Design: The AURAH study (Attitudes to and Understanding of Risk of Acquisition of HIV) was designed to (i) investigate and assess knowledge of, and attitudes to, HIV transmission risks, and (ii) to assess physical and mental health, lifestyle and behaviours in HIV negative or undiagnosed people at risk of HIV in the UK. It aimed to recruit a large sample of sexually active people, with a focus on key demographic subgroups affected by HIV in the UK, men who have sex with men and black African men and women. 4393 people that attended 20 sexual health clinics across the UK in 2013-2014 were invited to participate and complete a confidential, self-administered pen and paper questionnaire. / Results/Discussion: This paper describes the design, methods and participant characteristics of the AURAH study. Of 2630 people who participated in the AURAH study, 2034 were in the key subgroups of interest; 580 were black Africans (325 females and 255 males) and 1484 were MSM. The results from AURAH will be a significant resource to understand the attitudes and sexual behaviour of those at risk of acquisition of HIV within the UK and will inform future prevention efforts and targeted health promotion initiatives in the HIV negative population.

Type: Article
Title: A cross-sectional study on ‘Attitudes to and Understanding of Risk of Acquisition of HIV’ (AURAH): Design, methods and participant characteristics
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.2196/resprot.4873
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/resprot.4873
Language: English
Additional information: ©Janey Sewell, Andrew Speakman, Andrew N Phillips, Fiona C Lampe, Ada Miltz, Richard Gilson, David Asboe, Nneka Nwokolo, Christopher Scott, Sara Day, Martin Fisher, Amanda Clarke, Jane Anderson, Rebecca O'Connell, Vanessa Apea, Rageshri Dhairyawan, Mark Gompels, Paymaneh Farazmand, Sris Allan, Susan Mann, Jyoti Dhar, Alan Tang, S Tariq Sadiq, Stephen Taylor, Simon Collins, Lorraine Sherr, Graham Hart, Anne M Johnson, Alec Miners, Jonathan Elford, Alison Rodger. Originally published in JMIR Research Protocols (http://www.researchprotocols.org), 18.04.2016. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work, first published in JMIR Research Protocols, is properly cited. The complete bibliographic information, a link to the original publication on http://www.researchprotocols.org, as well as this copyright and license information must be included.
Keywords: HIV infection, HIV negative, HIV undiagnosed, HIV transmission, HIV testing, men who have sex with men, black Africans, sexual risk behaviour, health and wellbeing
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute for Global Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute for Global Health > Infection and Population Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1478071
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