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A longitudinal investigation of childhood communication ability and adolescent psychotic experiences in a community sample

Sullivan, SA; Hollen, L; Wren, Y; Thompson, AD; Lewis, G; Zammit, S; (2016) A longitudinal investigation of childhood communication ability and adolescent psychotic experiences in a community sample. Schizophrenia Research , 173 (1-2) pp. 54-61. 10.1016/j.schres.2016.03.005. Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Some childhood speech and language impairments precede psychosis but it is not clear whether they also precede adolescent psychotic experiences and whether this association is specific to psychotic experiences. METHODS: Pragmatic language and expressive speech and language (parent-assessed using the Children's Communication Checklist) at age 9 and psychotic experiences and depression at ages 12 and 18 were investigated in 7659 participants from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children. Associations were investigated using multivariate modelling. RESULTS: Poorer pragmatic language at 9years was associated with psychotic experiences at both ages (12years OR 1.22, 95% CI 1.11, 1.34; 18years OR 1.25, 95% CI 1.10, 1.41) but only with depression at 18years (OR 1.10, 95% CI 1.00, 1.22). Poorer expressive speech and language ability was not associated with psychotic experiences or depression at either age. There was evidence that pragmatic language was specifically associated with psychotic experiences at age 12 but no evidence that the strength of any of the associations changed over time. CONCLUSIONS: Deficits in pragmatic language precede early and late adolescent psychotic experiences and early adolescent depression. Interventions aimed at helping children improve pragmatic language skills may reduce the incidence of adolescent psychopathology and associated psychological disorder and dysfunction later in life.

Type: Article
Title: A longitudinal investigation of childhood communication ability and adolescent psychotic experiences in a community sample
Location: Netherlands
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.schres.2016.03.005
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.schres.2016.03.005
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: ALSPAC, Adolescent depression, Adolescent psychotic experiences, Expressive speech and language, Pragmatic language
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Division of Psychiatry
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1477589
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