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Active materials for adaptive architectural envelopes based on plant adaptation principles

Lopez, M; Rubio, R; Martin, S; Croxford, BJF; Jackson, R; (2015) Active materials for adaptive architectural envelopes based on plant adaptation principles. Journal of Facade Design and Engineering , 3 (1) pp. 27-38. 10.3233/FDE-150026. Green open access

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Abstract

In this paper, the authors present research into adaptive architectural envelopes that adapt to environmental changes using active materials, as a result of application of biomimetic principles from plants to architecture. Buildings use large amounts of energy in order to maintain their internal comfort, because conventional buildings are designed to provide a static design solution. Most of the current solutions for facades are not designed for optimum adaptation to contextual issues and needs, while biological solutions to adaptation are often complex, multi-functional and highly responsive. We focus on plant adaptations to the environment, as, due to their immobility, they have developed special means of protection against weather changing conditions. Furthermore, recent developments in new technologies are allowing the possibility to transfer these plant adaptation strategies to technical implementation. These technologies include: multi-material 3D printing, advances in materials science and new capabilities in simulation software. Unlike traditional mechanical activation used for dynamic systems in kinetic facades, adaptive architectural envelopes require no complex electronics, sensors, or actuators. The paper proposes a research of the relationship that can be developed between active materials and environmental issues in order to propose innovative and low-tech design strategies to achieve living envelopes according to plant adaptation principles.

Type: Article
Title: Active materials for adaptive architectural envelopes based on plant adaptation principles
Location: Netherlands
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.3233/FDE-150026
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/FDE-150026
Language: English
Additional information: Distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial 4.0 International License (CC-BY-NC), as described at http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/. This license permits non-commercial use, including reproduction, adaptation, and distribution of the article provided the original author and source are credited.
Keywords: Active materials, adaptive architecture, biomimetics, energy efficiency, plants
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > Bartlett School Env, Energy and Resources
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1477547
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