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Allen, JL; (2017) Intelligence. In: Schreck, CJ and Leiber, MJ and Ventura Miller, H and Welch, K, (eds.) The Encyclopedia of Juvenile Delinquency and Justice. Wiley: London, UK.

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There is consistent evidence for an inverse association between intelligence and antisocial behaviour. This link is evident for delinquency (official and self-reported) and clinical diagnoses of conduct disorder, but not for recidivism or illegal drug use. The IQ-crime/delinquency relationship is the strongest with regard to verbal ability, with delinquents possessing similar nonverbal ability to their non-delinquent peers. The association does not appear to be due to socioeconomic status, ethnicity, test-taking motivation or to the differential detection of less intelligent offenders. However, clearly, intelligent people are capable of antisocial behaviour and the vast majority of individuals with low IQs are not criminals. The pathways to criminality are many and varied, with low intelligence one of many possible contributing factors. Research has now shifted from establishing an association between intelligence and antisocial behaviour to examining theoretical explanations of how and why these two constructs are linked.

Type: Book chapter
Title: Intelligence
DOI: 10.1002/9781118524275.ejdj0072
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118524275.ejdj0072
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: antisocial behavior, crime delinquency, intelligence, intelligence quotient (IQ)y
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1477125
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