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Harmonizing biodiversity conservation and productivity in the context of increasing demands on landscapes

Seppelt, R; Beckmann, M; Ceauşu, S; Cord, AF; Gerstner, K; Gurevitch, J; Kambach, S; ... Newbold, T; + view all (2016) Harmonizing biodiversity conservation and productivity in the context of increasing demands on landscapes. BioScience , 66 (10) pp. 890-896. 10.1093/biosci/biw004. Green open access

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Abstract

Biodiversity conservation and agricultural production are often seen as mutually exclusive objectives. Strategies for reconciling them are intensely debated. We argue that harmonization between biodiversity conservation and crop production can be improved by increasing our understanding of the underlying relationships between them. We provide a general conceptual framework that links biodiversity and agricultural production through the separate relationships between land use and biodiversity and between land use and production. Hypothesized relationships are derived by synthesizing existing empirical and theoretical ecological knowledge. The framework suggests nonlinear relationships caused by the multifaceted impacts of land use (composition, configuration, and intensity). We propose solutions for overcoming the apparently dichotomous aims of maximizing either biodiversity conservation or agricultural production and suggest new hypotheses that emerge from our proposed framework.

Type: Article
Title: Harmonizing biodiversity conservation and productivity in the context of increasing demands on landscapes
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1093/biosci/biw004
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1093/biosci/biw004
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © The Author(s) 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the American Institute of Biological Sciences. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. For commercial re-use, please contact journals.permissions@oup.com.
Keywords: Agricultural production, biodiversity conservation, land-use intensity, landscape configuration, landscape composition
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences > Genetics, Evolution and Environment
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1477052
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