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Health Behavior Change Interventions for Teenage and Young Adult Cancer Survivors: A Systematic Review

Pugh, G; Gravestock, HL; Hough, RE; King, WM; Wardle, J; Fisher, A; (2016) Health Behavior Change Interventions for Teenage and Young Adult Cancer Survivors: A Systematic Review. Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology , 5 (2) pp. 91-105. 10.1089/jayao.2015.0042. Green open access

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Abstract

PURPOSE: It is important that teenage and young adult (TYA) cancer survivors adopt a healthy lifestyle, since health vulnerabilities associated with their diagnosis and treatment may be exacerbated by poor health behaviors. This review aims to synthesize the current literature on health behavior change interventions created specifically for TYA-aged cancer survivors. METHOD: MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and CINAHL databases were searched for studies investigating interventions targeting one or more health behaviors, including: physical activity, diet, smoking cessation, and alcohol consumption. Studies were eligible for review if the study population were defined as TYA cancer survivors and the mean age of the sample was younger than 30 years of age. RESULTS: Twelve studies were identified, of which nine were randomized controlled trials. Physical activity was the most commonly targeted health behavior. Six of the 12 interventions included within this review were successful in changing health behavior. Due to the heterogeneity of intervention characteristics, the relationship between intervention efficacy or outcome and intervention content, delivery mode, or theoretical framework was not discernible. Nevertheless, trends emerged relating to the delivery and content of health behavior interventions designed specifically for TYA cancer survivors. CONCLUSION: More research is required to identify the most effective means of promoting health behavior change among the TYA cancer survivor population. Specifically, future research should focus on providing evidence of the efficiency and feasibility of interventions that use online technologies to facilitate remote intervention delivery and peer support.

Type: Article
Title: Health Behavior Change Interventions for Teenage and Young Adult Cancer Survivors: A Systematic Review
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1089/jayao.2015.0042
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/jayao.2015.0042
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Final publication is available from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/jayao.2015.0042.
Keywords: Alcohol use, diet, physical activity, risk behavior, survivorship, tobacco use
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Haematology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Behavioural Science and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Epidemiology and Public Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1476961
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