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Cumulative disadvantage, employment-marriage, and health inequalities among American and British mothers

McDonough, P; Worts, D; Booker, C; McMunn, A; Sacker, A; (2015) Cumulative disadvantage, employment-marriage, and health inequalities among American and British mothers. Advances in Life Course Research , 25 pp. 49-66. 10.1016/j.alcr.2015.05.004. Green open access

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Abstract

This paper illuminates processes of cumulative disadvantage and the generation of health inequalities among mothers. It asks whether adverse circumstances early in the life course cumulate as health-harming biographical patterns across the prime working and family caregiving years. It also explores whether broader institutional contexts may moderate the cumulative effects of micro-level processes. An analysis of data from the British National Child Development Study and the US National Longitudinal Survey of Youth reveals several expected social inequalities in health. In addition, the study uncovers new evidence of cumulative disadvantage: Adversities in early life selected women into long-term employment and marriage biographies that then intensified existing health disparities in mid-life. The analysis also shows that this accumulation of disadvantage was more prominent in the US than in Britain.

Type: Article
Title: Cumulative disadvantage, employment-marriage, and health inequalities among American and British mothers
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2015.05.004
Publisher version: http://dxd.oi.org/10.1016/j.alcr.2015.05.004
Additional information: © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: Cumulative disadvantage, Life course, Women, Health, Optimal matching analysis, Comparative
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Epidemiology and Public Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1476951
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