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Drag characterisation of prawn-trawl bodies

Balash, C; Sterling, D; Binns, J; Thomas, G; Bose, N; (2016) Drag characterisation of prawn-trawl bodies. Ocean Engineering , 113 pp. 18-23. 10.1016/j.oceaneng.2015.12.034. Green open access

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Abstract

Crown Copyright © 2015 Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. The drag of a prawn-trawl body is characterised by five design and three operational variables. The design variables comprise headline length, steepness of trawl side cut, width-to-depth mesh ratio of the trawl mouth (gape), vertical wing-end mesh count, and netting solidity; all of which effectively determine the planar twine-area of the trawl. The operational variables include towing velocity, horizontal spread, and vertical opening (headline height) - these determine the extent that the netting is exposed to relative water movement. The individual drag effects of the above variables (except for headline length, gape, and netting solidity) were systematically examined in a flume tank with prawn-trawl models built with low-stiffness full-scale netting; and the existing literature was consulted on the drag effects of gape, while drag was assumed to be proportional to twine diameter, mesh size-1 and headline length2. The developed equations in non-dimensional forms provide the basis for a drag-prediction model for a prawn trawl of any size, construction and operating conditions. Comparisons with previously published prediction equations showed considerable disagreement in some aspects, and suggest that using stiff, full-scale netting in past model experiments have produced significant model-to-full-scale prediction errors owing to the poor equivalence of twine bending-stiffness-to-netting-tension ratio.

Type: Article
Title: Drag characterisation of prawn-trawl bodies
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.oceaneng.2015.12.034
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.oceaneng.2015.12.034
Language: English
Additional information: © 2015 Published by Elsevier Ltd. This manuscript is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial Non-derivative 4.0 International license (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). This license allows you to share, copy, distribute and transmit the work for personal and non-commercial use providing author and publisher attribution is clearly stated. Further details about CC BY licenses are available at http://creativecommons.org/ licenses/by/4.0. Access may be initially restricted by the publisher.
Keywords: Netting drag; Trawl body taper; Trawl horizontal spread; Trawl gape; Trawl vertical opening; Wing-end mesh count
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Mechanical Engineering
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1476260
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