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Design patterns for promoting peer interaction in discussion forums in MOOCs

Kennedy, E; Liyanagunawardena, TR; Cuffe, P; (2015) Design patterns for promoting peer interaction in discussion forums in MOOCs. eLearning Papers , 42 pp. 1-16. Green open access

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Abstract

Design patterns are a way of sharing evidence-based solutions to educational design problems. The design patterns presented in this paper were produced through a series of workshops, which aimed to identify Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) design principles from workshop participants’ experiences of designing, teaching and learning on these courses. MOOCs present a challenge for the existing pedagogy of online learning, particularly as it relates to promoting peer interaction and discussion. MOOC cohort sizes, participation patterns and diversity of learners mean that discussions can remain superficial, become difficult to navigate, or never develop beyond isolated posts. In addition, MOOC platforms may not provide sufficient tools to support moderation. This paper draws on four case studies of designing and teaching on a range of MOOCs presenting seven design narratives relating to the experience in these MOOCs. Evidence presented in the narratives is abstracted in the form of three design patterns created through a collaborative process using techniques similar to those used in collective autoethnography. The patterns: “Special Interest Discussions”, “Celebrity Touch” and “Look and Engage”, draw together shared lessons and present possible solutions to the problem of creating, managing and facilitating meaningful discussion in MOOCs through the careful use of staged learning activities and facilitation strategies.

Type: Article
Title: Design patterns for promoting peer interaction in discussion forums in MOOCs
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Publisher version: http://www.openeducationeuropa.eu/en/article/Desig...
Language: English
Additional information: This article is made available throough a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-NoDerivativeWorks 3.0 Unported licence. It may be copied, distributed and broadcast provided that the author and the e-journal that publishes them, eLearning Papers, are cited. Commercial use and derivative works are not permitted. The full licence can be consulted on http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/
Keywords: Design patterns, design narratives, Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs), Forums, Interaction
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Culture, Communication and Media
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1475687
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