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Uncertainty in educational and career aspirations: Gender differences in young people

Gutman, LM; Sabates, R; Schoon, I; (2014) Uncertainty in educational and career aspirations: Gender differences in young people. In: Schoon, I and Eccles, J, (eds.) Gender Differences in Aspirations and Attainment: A Life Course Perspective. (pp. 161-181). Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK. Green open access

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Abstract

Drawing upon data from 2 British age cohorts born in 1970 and 1990, this chapter examines gender and socio-historical differences regarding uncertainty in the educational and career aspirations of young people. Despite differences in the age of assessment and measurement, findings suggest that similar background characteristics are associated with uncertain aspirations in the 2 age cohorts. Males were more uncertain of their educational aspirations than were females. Uncertainty was also associated with growing up in a relatively disadvantaged family, with parents who do did not expect their children to continue in education, as well as with low academic attainment, low levels of school motivation and lack of belief in one’s own ability. However, findings indicated differences in the associated outcomes of uncertain aspirations between the 2 age cohorts. In the earlier born cohort, young people with uncertain aspirations were more likely to be not in education, employment or training (NEET), while there were no differences in NEET due to uncertain aspirations in the later born cohort. The findings point towards a female advantage regarding certainty in aspirations as well as a prolonged period of career exploration in the later born cohort.

Type: Book chapter
Title: Uncertainty in educational and career aspirations: Gender differences in young people
ISBN-13: 9781139128933
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1017/CBO9781139128933.011
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139128933.011
Language: English
Additional information: This material has been published in "Gender Differences in Aspirations and Attainment", edited by Ingrid Schoon and Jacquelynne S. Eccles. This version is free to view and download for personal use only. Not for re-distribution, re-sale or use in derivative works.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Social Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Clinical, Edu and Hlth Psychology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1475650
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