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Short-term memory, executive control, and children's route learning

Purser, HR; Farran, EK; Courbois, Y; Lemahieu, A; Mellier, D; Sockeel, P; Blades, M; (2012) Short-term memory, executive control, and children's route learning. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology , 113 (2) pp. 273-285. 10.1016/j.jecp.2012.06.005. Green open access

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate route-learning ability in 67 children aged 5 to 11years and to relate route-learning performance to the components of Baddeley's model of working memory. Children carried out tasks that included measures of verbal and visuospatial short-term memory and executive control and also measures of verbal and visuospatial long-term memory; the route-learning task was conducted using a maze in a virtual environment. In contrast to previous research, correlations were found between both visuospatial and verbal memory tasks-the Corsi task, short-term pattern span, digit span, and visuospatial long-term memory-and route-learning performance. However, further analyses indicated that these relationships were mediated by executive control demands that were common to the tasks, with long-term memory explaining additional unique variance in route learning.

Type: Article
Title: Short-term memory, executive control, and children's route learning
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.jecp.2012.06.005
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jecp.2012.06.005
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Age Factors, Child, Child Development, Child, Preschool, Executive Function, Female, Great Britain, Humans, Male, Maze Learning, Memory, Short-Term, Models, Psychological, Reaction Time, Regression Analysis, Space Perception
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1474895
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