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Band gap and work function tailoring of SnOfor improved transparent conducting ability in photovoltaics

Ganose, AM; Scanlon, DO; (2016) Band gap and work function tailoring of SnOfor improved transparent conducting ability in photovoltaics. Journal of Materials Chemistry C (4) pp. 1467-1475. 10.1039/C5TC04089B. Green open access

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Abstract

Transparent conducting oxides (TCOs) are an essential component in modern optoelectronic devices, such as solar panels and touch screens. Their ability to combine transparency and conductivity, two properties that are normally mutually exclusive, have made them the subject of intense research over the last 50 years. SnO2, doped with F or Sb, is a widely used and relatively inexpensive transparent conducting material, however, its electronic structure leaves scope for improving its properties for use in many TCO applications, especially in solar cell devices. Here we show using density functional theory that incorporation of Pb into SnO2 reduces the band gap through lowering of the conduction band minimum, thereby increasing the electron affinity. The electron effective mass at the conduction band minimum decreases alongside the band gap, indicating improved charge carrier mobilities. Furthermore, the calculated optical absorption properties show the alloys retain their transparency in the visible spectrum. Our results suggest that alloying of PbO2 with SnO2 will enable improved electronic properties, including a highly tuneable workfunction, which will open up the material for other applications, such as hole injection layers in organic photovoltaics.

Type: Article
Title: Band gap and work function tailoring of SnOfor improved transparent conducting ability in photovoltaics
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1039/C5TC04089B
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C5TC04089B
Language: English
Additional information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Chemistry
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1474812
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