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The Effect of Different Water Temperatures on Retention Loss and Material Degradation of Locator Attachments

Chiu, LP; Vitale, ND; Petridis, H; McDonald, A; (2016) The Effect of Different Water Temperatures on Retention Loss and Material Degradation of Locator Attachments. Journal of Prosthodontics 10.1111/jopr.12440.

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Abstract

PURPOSE: To examine the changes in Locator attachments after exposure to different water temperatures and cyclic loading. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four groups of pink Locator attachments (3.0 lb. light retention replacement patrix attachments; 10 per group) were soaked for the equivalent of 5 years of use in distilled water at the following temperatures: 20°C, 37°C, 60°C. One group was kept dry to test the effect of water. A universal testing machine was used to measure the retention force of each treated attachment during 5500 insertion and removal cycles, simulating approximately 5 years of use. The results were compared using Kruskal-Wallis one-way ANOVA by ranks. Surface changes of tested attachments were examined using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). RESULTS: The exposure to 60°C water significantly increased the percentage of retention loss in Locator attachments (p < 0.05) compared to the 20°C water group and significantly reduced the final retention force compared to the other groups (p < 0.05). SEM examinations revealed severe cracking and material degradation in Locator attachments after exposure to 60°C water and cyclic loading, which were not evident in other groups. Cracking was observed after exposure to 60˚C water before cyclic loading. CONCLUSIONS: Exposure to 60°C water, potentially similar to denture cleansing procedures, could cause cracking in Locator attachments. Cracking is associated with hydrolytic degradation of nylon at 60°C. The change in structure could result in a significant loss of retention.

Type: Article
Title: The Effect of Different Water Temperatures on Retention Loss and Material Degradation of Locator Attachments
DOI: 10.1111/jopr.12440
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jopr.12440
Language: English
Keywords: Dental implants, Locator attachment, overdenture attachment, overdentures, retention, water temperature
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Eastman Dental Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Eastman Dental Institute > Restorative Dental Sciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1474574
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