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Does Faux Pas Detection in Adult Autism Reflect Differences in Social Cognition or Decision-Making Abilities?

Thiébaut, FI; White, SJ; Walsh, A; Klargaard, SK; Wu, HC; Rees, G; Burgess, PW; (2016) Does Faux Pas Detection in Adult Autism Reflect Differences in Social Cognition or Decision-Making Abilities? Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders , 46 (1) pp. 103-112. 10.1007/s10803-015-2551-1. Green open access

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Abstract

43 typically-developed adults and 35 adults with ASD performed a cartoon faux pas test. Adults with ASD apparently over-detected faux pas despite good comprehension abilities, and were generally slower at responding. Signal detection analysis demonstrated that the ASD participants had significantly greater difficulty detecting whether a cartoon depicted a faux pas and showed a liberal response bias. Test item analysis demonstrated that the ASD group were not in agreement with a reference control group (n = 69) about which non-faux pas items were most difficult. These results suggest that the participants with ASD had a primary problem with faux pas detection, but that there is another factor at work, possibly compensatory, that relates to their choice of a liberal response criterion.

Type: Article
Title: Does Faux Pas Detection in Adult Autism Reflect Differences in Social Cognition or Decision-Making Abilities?
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s10803-015-2551-1
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10803-015-2551-1
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright The Author(s) 2015. This article is published with open access at Springerlink.com. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
Keywords: Autism spectrum disorder, Faux pas, Social cognition, Decision making, Open-ended, Compensatory strategy, Executive function
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1473293
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