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Design and parallelisation of a miniature photobioreactor platform for microalgal culture evaluation and optimisation

Ojo, EO; Auta, H; Baganz, F; Lye, GJ; (2015) Design and parallelisation of a miniature photobioreactor platform for microalgal culture evaluation and optimisation. Biochemical Engineering Journal , 103 pp. 93-102. 10.1016/j.bej.2015.07.006. Green open access

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Abstract

Miniature photobioreactors (mPBr) represent a potential platform technology for the high-throughput, phototrophic cultivation of microalgae. This work describes the development and characterisation of a novel orbitally shaken twin-well mPBr, and its scale-out to a 24-well microplate format, suitable for optimisation of microalgae culture conditions. Fluid hydrodynamics, oxygen mass transfer coefficient (kLa) and light intensity distribution in the mPBr were first investigated as a function of orbital shaking frequency. High speed video analysis of the shaken wells indicated rapid fluid flow and good mixing while measured kLa values varied between 20 and 80 h−1. Light intensity variation across the scaled-out platform was in the range ±20 μmol m−2 s−1. The use of the mPBr platform was demonstrated for optimisation of conditions for the batch cultivation of Chlorella sorokiniana. Using a modified tris-base phosphate (TBP) medium, the highest biomass concentration and productivity achieved were 9.2 g L−1 and 2.5 ± 0.2 g L−1 d−1 respectively at 5% CO2 with a light intensity of 380 μmol m−2 s−1. In general, cell growth rate and yield increased with increasing shaking frequency (up to 300 rpm) while culture conditions had limited impact on pigment production. Overall, these results demonstrate the application of the mPBr for rapid optimisation of phototrophic culture conditions and establishment of high cell density cultures.

Type: Article
Title: Design and parallelisation of a miniature photobioreactor platform for microalgal culture evaluation and optimisation
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.bej.2015.07.006
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bej.2015.07.006
Language: English
Additional information: © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)
Keywords: Miniature photobioreactor, fatty acid methyl esters, oxygen transfer, microalgae, optimisation, mixing
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Biochemical Engineering
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1472413
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