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Comparing Candidates and Citizens in the Ideological Space

Leimgruber, P; Hangartner, D; Leemann, L; (2010) Comparing Candidates and Citizens in the Ideological Space. Swiss Political Science Review , 16 (3) pp. 499-531. 10.1002/j.1662-6370.2010.tb00439.x. Green open access

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Abstract

Little is known about the ideological relationship between the Swiss political elite and the general public. Based on the Selects 2007 candidate and voter surveys, we compare the value orientations of both groups by applying ordinal factor analysis. First, we test whether political leaders or their supporters are more ideologically polarized. Second, we investigate whether ideological congruency between the electorate and representatives varies from party to party. Third, we examine whether winning candidates are ideologically more remote from their party supporters than unsuccessful candidates. We find that ideological polarization is larger within the political elite than within the general public. As a consequence, representatives of parties with rather extreme value orientations represent the moderate electorate rather poorly. Similarly, successful candidates are found to be more distant from their party supporters than unsuccessful candidates. These findings challenge traditional spatial voting theory but accord nicely with the directional model of voting behavior.

Type: Article
Title: Comparing Candidates and Citizens in the Ideological Space
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1002/j.1662-6370.2010.tb00439.x
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/j.1662-6370.2010.tb00439...
Language: English
Additional information: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Leimgruber, P; Hangartner, D; Leemann, L; (2010) Comparing Candidates and Citizens in the Ideological Space. Swiss Political Science Review, 16 (3) pp. 499-531, which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/j.1662-6370.2010.tb00439.x. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving (http://olabout.wiley.com/WileyCDA/Section/id-820227.html#terms).
Keywords: Political Representation; Value Orientations; Candidates; Switzerland
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1471998
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