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Early Iron Age Greek copper-based technology: votive offerings from Thessaly

Orfanou, S; (2015) Early Iron Age Greek copper-based technology: votive offerings from Thessaly. Doctoral thesis , UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

The thesis aims to explore metallurgical technology in Greece during the Early Iron Age (EIA). Emphasis is put on copper-based metallurgy as there is a large body of evidence in the archaeological record to support the large-scale production of copper-tin-lead alloy objects in the post-Mycenaean period and the first half of the 1st millennium BC. Such artefacts played a significant role having both utilitarian and symbolic features as they have been deposited by the thousands as votive dedications to the EIA sanctuaries such as Delphi and Olympia. Questions in regard to these objects’ mode of production, circulation, use and the circumstances of their ritual deposition, as well as of the sanctuaries’ economics and their ability to attract a significant proportion of available wealth thus arise. The assemblage of copper-based artefacts recovered at the sanctuary of Enodia in Thessaly has been selected in order to investigate EIA copper metallurgy during this period of transformation for Greek society. A sample of almost three hundred objects has been selected and investigated with the application of archaeometric quantitative and qualitative analytical methods. Meanwhile, research focused on the objects’ chemical compositions, metalworking techniques, use, and typological classification which have been brought together for an integrated interpretation of copper-based production. Specific focus has been put on the organisation and mode of production, the technological choices related to practices of alloying and metalworking of copper, as well asthe dialectic relationship between the objects’ form and intended use with their chemical and mechanical properties. Finally, results from Thessaly are brought together with published data from additional cultic and secular sites in mainland Greece in order to discuss inter-regional technological variation and affinity. Overall, the study addresses issues of the copper-based metallurgy’s integration into EIA Greek society.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Title: Early Iron Age Greek copper-based technology: votive offerings from Thessaly
Event: UCL (University College London)
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Institute of Archaeology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1471577
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