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Diffusion of water from a range of conservation treatment gels into paint films studied by unilateral NMR: Part I: Acrylic emulsion paint

Angelova, L; Ormsby, B; Richardson, E; (2016) Diffusion of water from a range of conservation treatment gels into paint films studied by unilateral NMR: Part I: Acrylic emulsion paint. Microchemical Journal , 124 (Jan) pp. 311-320. 10.1016/j.microc.2015.09.012. Green open access

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Abstract

Unilateral NMR was used to monitor the penetration of water into acrylic emulsion paint-outs on canvas during cleaning simulations with five thickened conservation treatment systems – agarose gels, methylcellulose paste, Pemulen-TR2, poly(vinyl alcohol)-borax gels, and Velvesil Plus – and water-moistened swabs. Studies were also carried out to measure the rate of water penetration from the different treatment methods into acrylic paints during continuous exposure. Unilateral NMR is shown to be an effective technique for comparing depth penetration of water during cleaning treatments; the volume of paint occupied by water can be extracted from these measurements. The results show that young paint films (1 month) are more prone to swelling than aged paint films (2–50 years), with light aged paints having the highest resistance to water penetration during treatments. Aged organic pigmented acrylic paint (Hansa yellow light) shows a higher propensity for swelling during cleaning than aged titanium dioxide white paint. Cleaning simulations using water-moistened swabs and agar gels deposit approximately equivalent amounts of water into the paint films, whilst all other gel systems tested, with the exception of Velvesil Plus, tend to allow approximately 50% more water into the paint films. None of the aqueous thickened cleaning systems tested reduced the quantity of water which entered the paint films relative to swab cleaning.

Type: Article
Title: Diffusion of water from a range of conservation treatment gels into paint films studied by unilateral NMR: Part I: Acrylic emulsion paint
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.microc.2015.09.012
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.microc.2015.09.012
Language: English
Additional information: © Elsevier 2015. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/. Access may be initially restricted by the author.
Keywords: Unilateral NMR;Heritage science;Gels;Acrylic paints;Water diffusion;Cleaning treatment
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Dept of History of Art
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1471551
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