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Quantum Entanglement and Networking with Spin-Optomechanics

Montenegro Tobar, VA; (2015) Quantum Entanglement and Networking with Spin-Optomechanics. Doctoral thesis , UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Non-relativistic quantum mechanics have proven to be a significant framework to understand the non-classical behaviour of light and the microcosmos. Perhaps, one of the first technological revolutions within quantum theory came with the invention of the transistor, whereby a purely quantum mechanical description was required. Currently, another outstanding revolution is taking place in a crossroad where information science meets quantum mechanics (this being the quantum information field). Such an area of work contemplates both the fascinating theoretical aspect of quantum correlations, as well as implementations towards quantum tasks performed by a universal quantum computer; tasks that cannot be realised (or they are hard to implement) within the classical domain. This Thesis is devoted to study the dynamics of quantum entanglement in spin-optomechanics systems. In particular, we explore the quantum stabilization of quantum entanglement, a quantum concentration scheme in opto-mechanics and an interfacing of matter and light towards quantum networking applications. Additionally, we also investigate theoretical aspects of quantum correlations within thermal environments, as well as the topical area of quantum sudden transitions. In Chapter 1, we provide a brief summary of quantum information and of the quantum optics framework to cover elementary concepts and techniques used subsequently in this work. Subsequently, in Chapter 2 we present the stabilization of quantum entanglement in a non-linear qubit-oscillator system. The inclusion of a modest nonlinearity gives three results, i) the loss of periodicity of the system, ii) the occurrence of quadrature squeezing appearing for a short time, and iii) the quantum entanglement reaches higher values in contrast to the case without non-linearity. In Chapter 3, a technique to concentrate/distill a two-mode vacuum state in optomechanics via unsharp measurements is presented. Here, one of the optical modes is injected into a cavity at first, and thereafter, it is nonlinearly coupled to a mechanical oscillator. Afterwards, the position of the oscillator is measured using pulsed optomechanics and homodyne detection. The results show that this measurement can conditionally increase the initial entanglement. Next, in Chapter 4, stimulated by optomechanical transducers and quantum networking, a light-matter system is constructed where a qubit is coupled to a cavity mode mediated through a mechanical oscillator. The qubit-oscillator conditionally displaced Hamiltonian and the oscillator-cavity radiation-pressure interaction generate a maximal qubit-cavity entanglement. Additionally, we consider the case in which the cavity mode is coupled to a waveguide, numerical calculations show a promising qubit-fibre entanglement under a weak matter-light coupling. For the quantum network case, we coupled a generic qubit in the first node to a second qubit-cavity distant Jaynes-Cummings system coupled through an optical fibre, where qubit-qubit correlations can be achieved in the quantum open systems scenario. In Chapter 5, we study the evolution of an open quantum system within the Born-Markov microscopic master equation (MME). Essentially, two distant two-level atoms are trapped in fibre-coupled cavities. Under the approximation of one-excitation allowed in the atom-cavity-fibre basis, we can obtain quantum correlations induced by thermal fluctuations from the environments. Lastly, in Chapter 6, we bring together previously elements explored in this Thesis. The system is a hybrid atomic-mechanical system formed from two remote qubits interacting with individual harmonic oscillators. This system, as in Chapter 4, explores interesting applications in quantum networking schemes. The two qubits are initially prepared in a Bell-diagonal state, and consequently the two-qubit correlations exhibit few interesting effects such as freezing, sudden changes and revivals in the evolution of the quantum entropic discord. To conclude, I summarize my findings in Chapter 7.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Title: Quantum Entanglement and Networking with Spin-Optomechanics
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Keywords: Quantum Information, Quantum Entanglement, Quantum Networks, Cavity Quantum Optomechanics
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1471472
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