UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

The practice of promoting primary pupils’ autonomy: examples of teacher feedback

Hargreaves, E; (2014) The practice of promoting primary pupils’ autonomy: examples of teacher feedback. Educational Research , 56 (3) pp. 295-309. 10.1080/00131881.2014.934554. Green open access

[thumbnail of Hargreaves_The Practice of Promoting Primary Pupils’ Autonomy 2014.pdf]
Preview
Text
Hargreaves_The Practice of Promoting Primary Pupils’ Autonomy 2014.pdf

Download (453kB) | Preview

Abstract

Background: Some authors consider the ultimate purpose of Assessment for Learning to be the promotion of pupils’ autonomy. But the concept of autonomy is problematic and teachers’ attempts to promote autonomy in the classroom can seem both vague and impractical. / Purpose: In this paper, following Ecclestone (2002), I suggest that a full definition of autonomy includes children’s independence, proactivity and critical inquiry in the classroom – which by their nature centre around the individual’s capacity for self-directed learning and meta-learning in their lives. I illustrate how one teacher promoted all three aspects of autonomy through her classroom feedback. Feedback is conceptualised as all the comments made by the teacher as a reaction to any activity or behaviour by pupils. / Design and methods: These examples draw on research data collected in 2009–11 in which nine ‘profile’ Year 5 (aged 9–10) children and their teacher were observed and interviewed about teacher feedback and ways in which it might promote autonomy. Five lessons across six months during 2010, which were video-taped, audio-recorded, observed and followed up by interviews with individuals, pairs or threes from among the nine profile children, have been analysed in detail. / Findings: Findings from this detailed analysis of lesson and interview transcripts suggested that the teacher employed a range of skilfully crafted autonomy-promoting feedback. Categories for this feedback consisted of the teacher feedback during the five lessons encouraging the pupil’s: independence, usually in the sense of the child cultivating a view that might stand out from the general view (23 instances observed); proactivity in learning, manifested through that child’s unsolicited engagement with a topic (80 occasions noted); metasocial critical inquiry, which was subdivided into: firstly, metasocial critical inquiry into rules about life including assessment (60 instances); and secondly, metasocial critical inquiry into relationships, including social relationships occurring during learning collaboration (27 occasions); and finally, most frequently, critical inquiry into learning processes (94 examples noted). / Conclusions: I conclude by noting that the teacher’s feedback – whether intentionally or not – had the potential to inspire children’s immediate and longer-term developments in independent learning, proactivity and critical inquiry.

Type: Article
Title: The practice of promoting primary pupils’ autonomy: examples of teacher feedback
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1080/00131881.2014.934554
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00131881.2014.934554
Language: English
Additional information: This is an Author's Original Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Educational Research on 10 September 2014, available online: http://wwww.tandfonline.com/10.1080/00131881.2014.934554.
Keywords: teacher feedback, autonomy, primary pupils, independence, proactivity, critical inquiry
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Curriculum, Pedagogy and Assessment
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1471461
Downloads since deposit
1,871Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item