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Integration of Jeddah Historical BIM and 3D GIS for Documentation and restoration of historical monument

Baik, AHA; Yaagoubi, R; Boehm, J; (2015) Integration of Jeddah Historical BIM and 3D GIS for Documentation and restoration of historical monument. In: Proceedings of the 25th International CIPA Symposium 2015 (XL-5/W7). (pp. pp. 29-34). International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ISPRS): Taipei, Taiwan. Green open access

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Abstract

This work outlines a new approach for the integration of 3D Building Information Modelling and the 3D Geographic Information System (GIS) to provide semantically rich models, and to get the benefits from both systems to help document and analyse cultural heritage sites. Our proposed framework is based on the Jeddah Historical Building Information Modelling process (JHBIM). This JHBIM consists of a Hijazi Architectural Objects Library (HAOL) that supports higher level of details (LoD) while decreasing the time of modelling. The Hijazi Architectural Objects Library has been modelled based on the Islamic historical manuscripts and Hijazi architectural pattern books. Moreover, the HAOL is implemented using BIM software called Autodesk Revit. However, it is known that this BIM environment still has some limitations with the non-standard architectural objects. Hence, we propose to integrate the developed 3D JHBIM with 3D GIS for more advanced analysis. To do so, the JHBIM database is exported and semantically enriched with non-architectural information that is necessary for restoration and preservation of historical monuments. After that, this database is integrated with the 3D Model in the 3D GIS solution. At the end of this paper, we’ll illustrate our proposed framework by applying it to a Historical Building called Nasif Historical House in Jeddah. First of all, this building is scanned by the use of a Terrestrial Laser Scanner (TLS) and Close Range Photogrammetry. Then, the 3D JHBIM based on the HOAL is designed on Revit Platform. Finally, this model is integrated to a 3D GIS solution through Autodesk InfraWorks. The shown analysis presented in this research highlights the importance of such integration especially for operational decisions and sharing the historical knowledge about Jeddah Historical City. Furthermore, one of the historical buildings in Old Jeddah, Nasif Historical House, was chosen as a test case for the project.

Type: Proceedings paper
Title: Integration of Jeddah Historical BIM and 3D GIS for Documentation and restoration of historical monument
Event: 25th International CIPA Symposium 2015
Location: Taipei, Taiwan
Dates: 31 August 2015 - 04 September 2015
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.5194/isprsarchives-XL-5-W7-29-2015
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/isprsarchives-XL-5-W7-29...
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © Author(s) 2015. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/).
Keywords: Historic Jeddah, Hbim, Terrestrial Laser Scanning, Heritage Recording
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Civil, Environ and Geomatic Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1471184
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