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Echinococcus granulosus infection in foxes in Coquimbo region, Chile

Acosta-Jamett, G; Cleaveland, S; Bronsvoort, BMD; Cunningham, AA; Bradshaw, H; Craig, PS; (2015) Echinococcus granulosus infection in foxes in Coquimbo region, Chile. Archivos de Medicina Veterinaria , 47 (3) 10.4067/S0301-732X2015000300021. Green open access

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Abstract

Echinococcus granulosus is a cestode of zoonotic importance that infects a wide range of animals. The main definitive host of this parasite is the domestic dog, which most commonly becomes infected by ingestion of infected tissues from ruminant livestock. In some areas, however, wild carnivores have been reported to be infected with E. granulosus and to potentially have a role in the maintenance of infection. This study explores E. granulosus infection in free-ranging foxes in rural areas of the Coquimbo region. Fecal samples of live-trapped culpeo (Lycalopex culpaeus) and chilla (L. griseus) foxes were obtained in six of previously designed rural sites of the Coquimbo region in Chile between 2005 and 2006. Overall, Echinococcus granulosus coproantigen prevalence in wild foxes by a coproELISA test was 6% (2/33) and ranged from 0% to 20% in the different study sites. The presence of E. granulosus in wild carnivores for the maintenance of this parasite in this region is discussed.

Type: Article
Title: Echinococcus granulosus infection in foxes in Coquimbo region, Chile
Location: Chile
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.4067/S0301-732X2015000300021
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0301-732X2015000300021
Language: English
Additional information: This work is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivativeWorks 3.0 license. You are free to share (copy, distribute and transmit the work), but you must attribute the author, you may not use this work for commercial purposes and you may not alter, transform, or build upon this work and distribute any derivative works you create under a similar license. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences > Genetics, Evolution and Environment
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1470465
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