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Hypothermia protects brain mitochondrial function from hypoxemia in a murine model of sepsis

Chisholm, KI; Ida, KK; Davies, AL; Tachtsidis, I; Papkovsky, DB; Dyson, A; Singer, M; ... Smith, KJ; + view all (2015) Hypothermia protects brain mitochondrial function from hypoxemia in a murine model of sepsis. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism 10.1177/0271678X15606457. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

Sepsis is commonly associated with brain dysfunction, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear, although mitochondrial dysfunction and microvascular abnormalities have been implicated. We therefore assessed whether cerebral mitochondrial dysfunction during systemic endotoxemia in mice increased mitochondrial sensitivity to a further bioenergetic insult (hyoxemia), and whether hypothermia could improve outcome. Mice (C57bl/6) were injected intraperitoneally with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) (5 mg/kg; n = 85) or saline (0.01 ml/g; n = 47). Six, 24 and 48h later, we used confocal imaging in vivo to assess cerebral mitochondrial redox potential and cortical oxygenation in response to changes in inspired oxygen. The fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2) at which the cortical redox potential changed was compared between groups. In a subset of animals, spontaneous hypothermia was maintained or controlled hypothermia induced during imaging. Decreasing FiO2 resulted in a more reduced cerebral redox state around veins but preserved oxidation around arteries. This pattern appeared at a higher FiO2 in LPS-injected animals, suggesting an increased sensitivity of cortical mitochondria to hypoxemia. This increased sensitivity was accompanied by a decrease in cortical oxygenation, but was attenuated by hypothermia. These results suggest that systemic endotoxemia influences cortical oxygenation and mitochondrial function, and that therapeutic hypothermia can be protective.

Type: Article
Title: Hypothermia protects brain mitochondrial function from hypoxemia in a murine model of sepsis
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1177/0271678X15606457
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0271678X15606457
Language: English
Additional information: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License (http://www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/) which permits any use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access page (https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/nam/open-access-at-sage).
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Neuroinflammation
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences > Cell and Developmental Biology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Experimental and Translational Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Med Phys and Biomedical Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1470092
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