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Concentrations of railway metal theft and the locations of scrap-metal dealers

Ashby, MPJ; Bowers, KJ; (2015) Concentrations of railway metal theft and the locations of scrap-metal dealers. Applied Geography , 63 pp. 283-291. 10.1016/j.apgeog.2015.07.005. Green open access

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Abstract

Abstract Metal theft has become a substantial crime problem in many areas. In response, several countries have introduced legislation to regulate scrap-metal recycling yards. However, at present there is little evidence to support this use of the market reduction approach (MRA) in preventing metal theft. The present study sought to test the underlying assumption of the MRA that the presence of a market for stolen property (in this case provided by scrap yards) drives thefts in a local area. This study tested for a spatial association between the locations of scrap yards and those of metal thefts. The density of industry, local burglary rate and road-accessibility of an area were controlled for. Metal thefts from railway lines in England were shown to be significantly more common in areas with more scrap-metal yards, high road accessibility and high population density. The results support the use of the MRA in relation to metal theft.

Type: Article
Title: Concentrations of railway metal theft and the locations of scrap-metal dealers
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.apgeog.2015.07.005
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeog.2015.07.005
Language: English
Additional information: © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: Metal theft, Scrap-metal dealers, Market-reduction approach
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Security and Crime Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1470073
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