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Mapping fear of crime as a context-dependent everyday experience that varies in space and time

Solymosi, R; Bowers, K; Fujiyama, T; (2015) Mapping fear of crime as a context-dependent everyday experience that varies in space and time. Legal and Criminological Psychology , 20 (2) 193- 211. 10.1111/lcrp.12076. Green open access

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Abstract

Purpose: There is a current need for innovation in research on the fear of crime to move on from general and static representations and instead approach it as a dynamic phenomenon experienced in everyday life, to inform or evaluate situational interventions. Methods: This study presents a novel approach to fear of crime research using the framework of routine activities theory and environmental criminology to present it as a specific event characterized by spatial, temporal, and personal variables. We suggest and illustrate a new experience sampling approach to data collection, captured via a mobile phone application. Results: By studying the fear of crime in the environment where it occurs, and focusing on a microscale geography with the additional dimension of time, new insight into fear of crime can be attained. Results from a data collection pilot demonstrate significant spatiotemporal variation in individuals' fear of crime levels and hence illustrate the viability of such approaches. Conclusions: We argue that this new insight can lead to the development of situational interventions which target fear of crime hot spots as they move about in place and time, allowing limited resources to be allocated more efficiently to enhance perceptions of safety.

Type: Article
Title: Mapping fear of crime as a context-dependent everyday experience that varies in space and time
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1111/lcrp.12076
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/lcrp.12076
Language: English
Additional information: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Solymosi, R; Bowers, K; Fujiyama, T; (2015) Mapping fear of crime as a context-dependent everyday experience that varies in space and time. Legal and Criminological Psychology , 20 (2) 193- 211, which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/lcrp.12076. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
Keywords: fear of crime; situational prevention; measurement; spatio-temporal variation; crowdsourcing
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Civil, Environ and Geomatic Eng
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Security and Crime Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1468783
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