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Towards independence: A BCI telepresence robot for people with severe motor disabilities

Leeb, R; Tonin, L; Rohm, M; Desideri, L; Carlson, T; Millán, JDR; (2015) Towards independence: A BCI telepresence robot for people with severe motor disabilities. Proceedings of the IEEE , 103 (6) pp. 969-982. 10.1109/JPROC.2015.2419736. Green open access

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Abstract

© 2015 IEEE. This paper presents an important step forward towards increasing the independence of people with severe motor disabilities, by using brain-computer interfaces to harness the power of the Internet of Things. We analyze the stability of brain signals as end-users with motor disabilities progress from performing simple standard on-screen training tasks to interacting with real devices in the real world. Furthermore, we demonstrate how the concept of shared control - which interprets the user's commands in context - empowers users to perform rather complex tasks without a high workload. We present the results of nine end-users with motor disabilities who were able to complete navigation tasks with a telepresence robot successfully in a remote environment (in some cases in a different country) that they had never previously visited. Moreover, these end-users achieved similar levels of performance to a control group of 10 healthy users who were already familiar with the environment.

Type: Article
Title: Towards independence: A BCI telepresence robot for people with severe motor disabilities
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1109/JPROC.2015.2419736
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/JPROC.2015.2419736
Language: English
Additional information: © 2015 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.
Keywords: Brain-computer interface (BCI), electroencephalogram (EEG), motor imagery, application control, endusers with motor disabilities, telepresence, shared control, robotic device
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci > Department of Ortho and MSK Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1468567
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