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Violent and non-violent crime against adults with severe mental illness

Khalifeh, H; Johnson, S; Howard, LM; Borschmann, R; Osborn, D; Dean, K; Hart, C; ... Moran, P; + view all (2015) Violent and non-violent crime against adults with severe mental illness. The British Journal of Psychiatry , 206 (4) 275 - 282. 10.1192/bjp.bp.114.147843. Green open access

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Abstract

Background Little is known about the relative extent of crime against people with severe mental illness (SMI). Aims To assess the prevalence and impact of crime among people with SMI compared with the general population. Method A total of 361 psychiatric patients were interviewed using the national crime survey questionnaire, and findings compared with those from 3138 general population controls participating in the contemporaneous national crime survey. Results Past-year crime was experienced by 40% of patients v. 14% of controls (adjusted odds ratio (OR) = 2.8, 95% CI 2.0-3.8); and violent assaults by 19% of patients v. 3% of controls (adjusted OR = 5.3, 95% CI 3.1-8.8). Women with SMI had four-, ten- and four-fold increases in the odds of experiencing domestic, community and sexual violence, respectively. Victims with SMI were more likely to report psychosocial morbidity following violence than victims from the general population. Conclusions People with SMI are at greatly increased risk of crime and associated morbidity. Violence prevention policies should be particularly focused on people with SMI.

Type: Article
Title: Violent and non-violent crime against adults with severe mental illness
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1192/bjp.bp.114.147843
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjp.bp.114.147843
Language: English
Additional information: © 2015 Royal College of Psychiatrists. This article is made available under the Creative Commons Non-Commerical No Derivatives licence (CC-BY-NC-ND)
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Division of Psychiatry
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1467243
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