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A pilot study of change in fracture risk in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome

Rawal, J; McPhail, MJW; Ratnayake, G; Chan, P; Moxham, J; Harridge, SDR; Hart, N; ... Puthucheary, ZA; + view all (2015) A pilot study of change in fracture risk in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome. Critical Care , 19 (165) 10.1186/s13054-015-0892-y. Green open access

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Acute skeletal muscle wasting is a major contributor to post critical illness physical impairment. However, the bone response remains uncharacterized. We prospectively investigated the early changes in bone mineral density (BMD) and fracture risk in critical illness. METHODS:Patients were prospectively recruited ≤24 hours following intensive care unit (ICU) admission to a university teaching or a community hospital (August 2009 to April 2011). All were aged >18 years and expected to be intubated for >48 hours, spend >7 days in critical care and survive ICU admission. Forty-six patients were studied (55.3% male), with a mean age of 54.4 years (95% confidence interval (CI): 49.1 to 59.6) and an APACHE II score of 23.9 (95% CI: 22.4 to 25.5). Calcaneal dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) assessment of BMD was performed on day 1 and 10. Increase in fracture risk was calculated from the change in T-score. RESULTS: BMD did not change between day 1 and 10 in the cohort overall (0.434 (95% CI: 0.405 to 0.463) versus 0.425 g/cm2 (95% CI: 0.399 to 0.450), P = 0.58). Multivariable logistical regression revealed admission corrected calcium (odds ratio (OR): 1.980 (95% CI: 1.089 to 3.609), P = 0.026) and admission PaO2-to-FiO2 ratio (OR: 0.916 (95% CI: 0.833 to 0.998), P = 0.044) to be associated with >2% loss of BMD. Patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome had a greater loss in BMD than those without (−2.81% (95% CI: −5.73 to 0.118%), n = 34 versus 2.40% (95% CI: 0.204 to 4.586%), n = 12, P = 0.029). In the 34 patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome, fracture risk increased by 19.4% (95% CI: 13.9 to 25.0%). CONCLUTION: Patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome demonstrated early and rapid bone demineralisation with associated increase in fracture risk.

Type: Article
Title: A pilot study of change in fracture risk in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1186/s13054-015-0892-y
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1186/s13054-015-0892-y
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2015 Rawal et al.; licensee BioMed Central. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
Keywords: Bone Mineral Density, Fracture Risk, Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Intensive Care Unit Admission, Critical Illness
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Experimental and Translational Medicine
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1467017
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