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Towards measurement and verification of energy performance under the framework of the European directive for energy performance of buildings

Burman, E; Mumovic, D; Kimpian, J; (2014) Towards measurement and verification of energy performance under the framework of the European directive for energy performance of buildings. ENERGY , 77 153 - 163. 10.1016/j.energy.2014.05.102. Green open access

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Abstract

Directive 2002/91/EC of the European Parliament and Council on the Energy Performance of Buildings has led to major developments in energy policies followed by the EU Member States. The national energy performance targets for the built environment are mostly rooted in the Building Regulations that are shaped by this Directive. Article 3 of this Directive requires a methodology to calculate energy performance of buildings under standardised operating conditions. Overwhelming evidence suggests that actual energy performance is often significantly higher than this standardised and theoretical performance. The risk is national energy saving targets may not be achieved in practice. The UK evidence for the education and office sectors is presented in this paper. A measurement and verification plan is proposed to compare actual energy performance of a building with its theoretical performance using calibrated thermal modelling. Consequently, the intended vs. actual energy performance can be established under identical operating conditions. This can help identify the shortcomings of construction process and building procurement. Once energy performance gap is determined with reasonable accuracy and root causes identified, effective measures could be adopted to remedy or offset this gap.

Type: Article
Title: Towards measurement and verification of energy performance under the framework of the European directive for energy performance of buildings
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.energy.2014.05.102
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2014.05.102
Additional information: Copyright © 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Keywords: EPBD, Buildings, Energy performance gap, Measurement & verification
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > Bartlett School Env, Energy and Resources
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1465087
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